By Marion Wallace
Namibia won its independence in 1990 after a long time of fight opposed to South African rule. sooner than its battles with South Africa, the rustic spent years in the grip of German colonialism. during this booklet, the 1st basic background of Namibia to be released in additional than 20 years, a celebrated historian and a popular archaeologist offer clean point of view on those occasions, in addition to a close account of the country's precolonial period.The quantity starts with an soaking up historical past of Namibia from earliest occasions to the coming of German colonialism within the 19th century. Drawing on assets in English and German, the authors discover trajectories of migration, construction, and gear within the precolonial interval, adjustments prompted via eu enlargement, and the dynamics of formal colonialism. They relate the whole adventure of German rule, together with the genocide of 1904-1908, the wars of imperative and southern Namibia, and the destiny of defeated Africans who have been imprisoned in focus camps. ultimate chapters speak about African nationalism, apartheid, and warfare among 1946 and 1990, and the advance of Namibia within the 20 years considering independence. a useful advent and source, this quantity reasserts Namibia's an important position within the heritage of southern Africa and, with its wealthy perception and broad bibliography, furthers in charge study at the state and the continent.
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Extra info for A History of Namibia: From the Beginning to 1990
African National Congress (ANC) South African political organization that led the resistance movement against APARTHEID and became the ruling party in 1994. Founded in 1912, during the first 50 years of its existence the African National Congress (ANC) achieved only modest success at best in bettering the lives of black South Africans. In fact, by the mid-1960s, increased government repression had left the ANC struggling to remain a viable resistance organization. Because of the state’s crackdown on the ANC, the PAN-AFRICANIST CONGRESS (PAC), and other opposition groups in the early 1960s, the ANC had to operate underground in SOUTH AFRICA and in exile abroad.
M. A. Election of John Kufuor as president marks Ghana’s ongoing transition to democracy 2004 Ongoing civil war in the Darfur region of the Republic of the Sudan; hundreds of thousands of African villagers flee to refugee centers in Chad President Qaddafi of Libya accepts responsibility for 1988 bombing of Pan-Am flight; economic sanctions against Libya end JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ Abacha, Sani (1943–1998) Nigerian army officer who A only token steps in that direction, maintaining an ironfisted authority over the country.
1953– ), leader of the Social Renewal Party, was elected president. As an indication of how far the PAIGC leadership had fallen out of favor, in the 1999 legislative elections the PAIGC received less than one-quarter of the 102 seats in the National Assembly. See also: COLD WAR AND AFRICA (Vols. IV, V); COLONIAL RULE (Vol. IV); INDEPENDENCE MOVEMENTS (Vol. V); NATIONALISM AND INDEPENDENCE MOVEMENTS (Vol. IV); POLITICAL PARTIES AND ORGANIZATIONS (Vol. V); PORTUGAL AND AFRICA (Vols. III, IV, V). African studies Academic discipline encompassing the study of Africa, its peoples, and its societies.