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By Basil Davidson

This article is designed for college kids getting ready for O point historical past, supplying an exam of a few of the foremost tendencies and occasions in West African heritage from advert 1000-1800.

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Extra resources for A History of West Africa, 1000-1800 (The growth of African civilization)

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Studies on the growth of the informal sector reveal that the ‘workplace’ (traditionally regarded as a centralised location with a group of workers working on an assembly line, such as those in a factory) has 37 C O S AT U ’ S C O N T E S T E D L E G A C Y changed (see Mosoetsa 2011; Webster 2006). This means that unions cannot continue relying on old forms of organisation and union membership. The decline in traditional forms of employment challenges unions to redefine their scope, membership and organising strategies.

The decline in traditional forms of employment challenges unions to redefine their scope, membership and organising strategies. The immediate challenge is to broaden the scope of unions beyond the formal sector and for unions to open their activities and services to those outside the formal workplaces. COSATU and the 2007 Polokwane conference The macro-economic policies of the Mbeki government, specifically the Growth, Employment and Redistribution (GEAR) strategy, have been blamed for the economic challenges facing the country, particularly the impact on the working class.

Even when it is not addressed directly, the theme of COSATU’s organisational and political clout comes through in all the chapters in this volume. On the other hand, the federation faces serious organisational and political challenges. The discussion of the 2008 survey results in the chapters of this volume lays these bare and raises fundamental issues about the need to combine a macro-analysis of organisations with an assessment of their microdynamics. To put this differently, a study of the unions from above needs to be complemented by a focus from below.

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