By Catherine Chan-Halbrendt, Jean Fantle-Lepczyk
This e-book offers significant demanding situations and possibilities dealing with agriculture sectors within the wake of the transition from a deliberate to marketplace financial system. utilizing Albania as a case learn, it examines the shift from communism to unfastened markets and the lasting results of such switch on agricultural construction and schooling. utilizing basic learn resources to offer readers a correct portrayal of the trail that lies forward for lots of constructing nations, the booklet additionally appears on the way forward for agriculture in transitioning economies.
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Additional info for Agricultural Markets in a Transitioning Economy: An Albanian Case Study
7% of the total land in the form of small plots around dwellings. , 2002; Civici, 2003; Sabates-Wheeler and Waite, 2003). The agricultural land, including the home gardens, was named ‘a collective property of the people’, preventing by law its sale and inheritance. , 2002), making Albania the only country in the CEEC to entirely eliminate private ownership of agricultural land and make the state its sole, exclusive owner (Cungu and Swinnen, 1999). Therefore, even the land inside the home plots was monitored by the agronomists and no sale or rental agreement was allowed.
03% as a result of low investments and poor quality of land. 1). The government also distributed a cow and small ruminants to individual farmers and allowed a modest agricultural private market to function (Civici, 1997; de Waal, 2004), but this intervention did not gave a clear incentive to the farmers and therefore did not improve productivity or change agricultural production and increase farmers’ motivation. 3 The land reform of 1991 The food crisis and the external political changes made the government accept the transition from a mono-party to the multi-party system in 1991, as well as the opening of the Albanian economy (Pashko, 1993), which was approved by parliament at the end of October 1991.
Over the years, governmental interventions have been unstable, and shown a lack of serious endeavor toward full solution of the pre-1945 claims. The process of land restitution and compensation is still in discussion because of the absence of a long-term financial or land fund for compensation. The government has lately taken a step back by interrupting the independence of the institution created for the restitution and compensation process. The process is still unsolved, giving both the former and new owners a sense of low credibility vis-à-vis the deliverance of government policies.