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By Nicholas R. Lardy

Explores the connection among the chinese language peasantry, who're the basic base of aid for the innovative chinese language Communist occasion, and the state-led economic climate validated via the celebration after 1949.

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Extra info for Agriculture in China's Modern Economic Development

Sample text

The excessive centralization in the "high tide" of collectivization quickly became apparent at the center, leading to pressure for modifications. In the summer of 1956 the state sanctioned the reopening of rural markets, most of which had been closed in the wake of collectivization and the transformation of private commercial activities (Ch'en Yiin 1956b, 29). In September the Eighth Party Congress discussed the desirability of reversing the trend of substituting direct for indirect methods of planning as well as specific improvements in procurement prices, discussed further below.

Chou's separate discussion of a survey divides the rural population (nung-ts'un jen-k'ou) purchasing grain from the state into three categories: poor peasants (p'in-nung), peasants mainly growing commercial (nongrain) crops (i chung-chih ching-chi tso-wu wei chu-yeh ti nung-min), and the nonagricultural population (fei nung-yeh jen-k'ou). The data contained in the second series, published in 1980, are specified as "resales to the agricultural population (fan-hsiao kei nung-yeh jen-k'ou) or as "sales to agriculture" (nung-yeh hsiao-shou) and are contrasted to "sales to the nonagricultural population" (fei nung-yeh hsiao-hui).

Alternatively if the covariance was negative, then under p less (more) would be produced when more (less) output was socially desirable, undermining the advantage that p enjoyed by virtue of the relative slopes of the marginal benefit and cost schedules (Yohe 1978, 233). The theory of price and quantity control 25 But it is unlikely that a negative covariance of shifts in the cost and benefit schedules would erode significantly the comparative advantage of price control, at least for a relatively large country.

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