By Debabrata Das
This ebook seriously discusses various elements of algal construction structures and several other of the drawbacks concerning microalgal biomass creation, specifically, low biomass yield, and energy-consuming harvesting, dewatering, drying and extraction methods. those supply a history to the cutting-edge applied sciences for algal cultivation, CO2 sequestration, and large-scale program of those systems.
In order to faucet the industrial capability of algae, a biorefinery thought has been proposed which may support to extract greatest merits from algal biomass. This refinery idea promotes the harvesting of a number of items from the feedstock that allows you to make the method economically beautiful. For the previous few many years, algal biomass has been explored to be used in a number of items comparable to gasoline, agricultural plants, pigments and prescription drugs, in addition to in bioremediation. to fulfill the massive call for, there was a spotlight on large-scale creation of algal biomass in closed or open photobioreactors. varied dietary stipulations for algal progress were explored, corresponding to photoautotrophic, heterotrophic, mixotrophic and oleaginous.
This booklet is geared toward a large viewers, together with undergraduates, postgraduates, teachers, power researchers, scientists in undefined, strength experts, coverage makers and others who desire to comprehend algal biorefineries and in addition preserve abreast of the most recent developments.
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Extra info for Algal Biorefinery: An Integrated Approach
G. oil extraction) or intact biomass. It occurs in an aqueous medium, therefore, there is no need to spend energy drying the biomass and the biomass necessary can be concentrated by simply settling. The chemical cell disruption techniques can simultaneously breakdown complex sugars necessary for yeast fermentation and the yeast fermentation technology is well established industrially. 4 Biomethane Production by Anaerobic Digestion Organic material such as crop biomass or liquid manure can be used to produce biogas via anaerobic digestion and fermentation.
ISBN978-0-470-05805. V. G. (2011). The role of biochemical engineering in the production of biofuels from microalgae. Bioresour Technol, 102, 2–9. Das, D. (1985). Thesis on “Optimization of methane production from agricultural residues”. IIT Delhi, India. Das, D. (2009). Advances in biological hydrogen production processes: An approach towards commercialization.
Biogas, syngas and bio-hydrogen) which can be used in engines and turbines and as feedstock for refineries. However, several drawbacks of microalgal biomass production should be solved, such as more efficient production, harvesting, dewatering, drying and extraction (if applicable). Thus, fuel-only algal systems are not plausible, at least not in the foreseeable future, and additional revenues are required. Microalgal production should be assisted by alternative energies, for mixing the culture, illumination, dewatering and processing, and drying.