By Teun Hoekstra
This ebook includes 14 articles by way of Teun Hoekstra (1953-1998) on middle matters in syntactic idea. a few articles specialize in the constitution of DP, others at the constitution of the sentence as an entire, whereas others nonetheless deal explicitly with the parallels among the 2. The papers are dispensed over 4 sections: "Argument structure", "T-chains", "The morphosyntax of verbal and nominal projections" and "Small clauses". greater than half the articles during this booklet are released the following for the 1st time or seem for the 1st time in English. Hoekstra's paintings is characterised by way of a basic curiosity within the relevant questions of syntactic concept, such a lot particularly the relation among argument constitution and X-bar constitution. This focused curiosity ended in a deep figuring out of the suggestion of transitivity, with admire to either the prestige of the exterior argument and that of the interior argument, the place "status" refers to either the content material and the licensing. during this selection of papers, Hoekstra studies on his insights in those issues. so far as content material and licensing of the exterior argument is worried, this assortment includes papers at the relation among passives and their lively opposite numbers, the parallels among possessives and transitives and the diversities and similarities among previous participles and infinitives. As to the interior argument, we discover papers addressing sentential complementation, verbal affixation and resultatives. and there's a complete part on annoying, and its function in protecting the sentence jointly. one of many papers during this assortment is Hoekstra's vintage, yet hitherto unpublished "Small clauses all over" (more than 70 pages), which summarizes Hoekstra's perspectives on such matters as resultatives, particle verbs and double item structures.
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Additional info for Arguments and Structure: Studies on the Architecture of the Sentence
We would therefore need, in addition to a mere case-assigning mechanism, a role assigning element. This, I suggest, is the element X introduced earlier, as representing the possessive role marker. One might think of it as the element Poss found in much recent work on the structure of DP. 7. Dative once again We have established that a BE plus dative pattern is functionally identical to a HAVE pattern, but that certain problems remain, specifically the question how the possessed object in the BE-pattern receives case marking.
Unlike Chomsky’s proposal, an analysis like that in (32) makes direct sense of the fact that transitive agreement, unlike intransitive agreement, is identical to possessor agreement found on nouns. So, rather than equating nominative with ergative, it should be equated with absolutive, the unmarked case in both types of systems. As a matter of fact, the analysis in (32) boils down to the nominal sentence analysis, another old-time favorite in the explanation of ergativity. There is another, and obvious sense in which ergative and nominative case are similar, viz.
D. ’ These ambiguities can be understood in the following way. The a-readings, corresponding to the traditional concept of epistemic modality, involve the 24 Possession and transitivity circumstances as the source of either the possibility (in [50a]) or the necessity (in [51a]) of what is denoted by the complement. A more adequate rendering would perhaps be ‘according to the available evidence, an option is that x/no other option is available than that x’. The source in the b-reading is different: it is localized in some person, which may be added in Dutch in an overt van-phrase as in (52) (cf.