By Ramasamy Santhanam
The first entire quantity completely on marine cone snails, this booklet offers descriptions of over a hundred species of damaging marine snails in addition to their organic and ecological features; the features of conotoxins; details on cone snail accidents and their therapy in addition to prevention measures; and the healing and medicinal worth of conotoxins, together with as a robust nonaddictive painkiller, an epilepsy drug, and extra. Over 275 colour illustrations accompany the textual content for simple identity.
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Additional info for Biology and ecology of venomous marine snails
In more mature specimens, this periastracum may be opaque, with widely spaced tufted spiral ridges, which become quite dense at the anterior end. It is a fishing eating species and it uses its specialized hollow harpoon like radula tooth to harpoon small fish and paralyze them with venom to facilitate swallowing. Shell size varies from 24 to 103 mm. These snails are predatory and venomous. , 2004). , 2006). Conus aulicus (Linnaeus, 1758) Abapertural view Apertural view Profile of Venomous Marine Snails 27 Common Name: Princely cone, Geographical Distribution: throughout the Indo-Pacific from East Africa to French Polynesia and the Marshall Islands Habitat: Exposed coasts with heavily aerated water Identifying Features: Shell of this species is moderately solid to heavy.
Color of the shell is white, clouded with bluish ash, orange-brown, chestnut or chocolate, everywhere encircled by narrow chocolate interrupted lines, often separated into somewhat distant dots Middle of the body whorl is usually irregularly fasciate with white. Spire is tessellated with chestnut or chocolate. Adults prey on fish and are active at night, whereas juveniles are vermivorous. Size of an adult shell varies between 16 mm and 94 mm. These snails are predatory and venomous. uk/interpro/signature/PS60014/ proteins-matched;jsessionid=72887C4196F6CFF05EE34D33FCB8F5C0); ω-conotoxin FVIA – It is a highly reversible conotoxin targeting N-type Ca2+ channels with analgesic effect.
As they are capable of “stinging” humans live ones should not be handled. 1. 1a. Profile of Venomous Marine Snails 47 Conus adamsonii (Broderip, 1836) (= Conus aureolus, Conus castaneus, Conus cingulatus, Conus rhododendron) Apertural view Abapertural view Common Name: Rhododendron Cone Geographical Distribution: S. Pacific from Coral Sea to French Polynesia Habitat: Intertidal; 10 to 50 m; on seeward sides of coral reefs and in lagoons; on large stretches or small pockets of sand Identifying Features: This species has a medium-sized, moderately solid-tosolid shell.