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By Karl Pribram (Eds.)

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Verbal memory impairment after unilateral hippocampal excisions. Paper pre­ sented at the 40th Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association, Phila­ delphia, April 1969. Douglas, R. J. The hippocampus and behavior. Psychological Bulletin, 1967, 67, 416-422. Douglas, R. , & Pribram, Κ. H. Learning and limbic lesions. Neuropsychologia, 1966, 4, 197-220. Drachman, D. , & Arbit, J. Memory and the hippocampal complex. Archives of Neurol­ ogy, 1966, 15,52-61. Drachman, D. , & Ommaya, A. K. Memory and the hippocampal complex.

The results of recent studies on the effect of strychnine sulphate on learning are shown in Figs. 3 and 4. In one study (Fig. 3) mice received either saline or one of several doses of strychnine each day immediately after training trials on a visual discrimination learning task. Posttraining injections were used in order to influence consolidation processes without directly influencing the performance on either the training or subsequent testing. Training was continued until all animals reached a criterion of nine out of ten correct responses.

The important question con­ cerns the basis of the effect of repetition on performance. Which processesshort-term memory, long-term memory, or b o t h - a r e enhanced by repetition? In MEMORY STORAGE PROCESSES 57 an attempt to answer this question, groups of mice were given a single ECS immediately after receiving either two trials separated by 2 min. or massed trials for a 2-min. period. They were then given a single-retention trial 24 hrs. later (see Fig. 2). Other groups received similar training but received the ECS treat­ ment 1 hr.

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