By John Ash, John Atkins
Ethiopia and Eritrea have a desirable and distinctive avifauna. Poorly recognized compared to many components of Africa, wisdom on fowl distribution within the international locations is scattered through the literature. For greater than 35 years, the authors were painstakingly accumulating chook documents within the quarter and plotting them on half-degree maps, together with released files, facts from museum specimens, sightings from their very own wide travels and, extra lately, documents from the various birdwatchers that now stopover at Ethiopia. The ensuing atlas offers, for the 1st time, a correct evaluate of the distribution of every of the 870 species recognized from the 2 nations, together with worthwhile info on breeding. The succinct textual content summarises the consequences and discusses distribution to subspecies point. huge introductory chapters conceal issues akin to topography, geology, plants, weather, habitats, conservation, migration, breeding seasons, chook ringing, and the heritage of ornithology within the sector. This groundbreaking publication fills a wide gap within the literature for essentially the most various and least identified components of Africa.
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Extra resources for Birds of Ethiopia and Eritrea
This will exacerbate water stress and increase desertification. In the highest areas, the afro-montane vegetation and its associated fauna are likely to encroach on the already highly vulnerable afroalpine areas, and flora and fauna species which cannot compete with this encroachment will be threatened with extinction. Although the amount of rainfall in the region has been more or less constant over the past 50 years, an overall decline has been noted in northern parts of Ethiopia and in Eritrea (Demissie 2007).
1996). 4. riverine vegetation The species composition of this vegetation type is very complex, varying with altitude, rainfall, geographical location, soil etc. It is characterised by a diverse range of tree and shrubby species and climbers, with associated herbs and grasses. The Appendix supplies the names of plant species found in riverine vegetation in various parts of the region, ranging from the wadis of eastern Eritrea, the Gash and Barka rivers of western Eritrea, the Danakil Depression, the Awash river, the Dawa river, the highland plateau, the Abay river, to the Baro river in western Ethiopia.
5. The eastern slopes of the Eritrean Highlands, from 15°N, experience a rainfall regime with maxima in December–February and July–August. These two periods together supply 55–70% of the area’s total rainfall. One small area of the Eritrean eastern escarpment north of Ghinda, including Semenawi Bahri, receives an annual total rainfall in excess of 1000mm, with rain in every month except June and September, and is thus a relatively wet zone with lush vegetation. This is also an extension of the Mediterranean winter rains, reflected in the Mediterranean elements in the flora.