Download Black Africa: Literature and Language by Vladimír Klíma, Karel František Růžička, Petr Zima (auth.) PDF

By Vladimír Klíma, Karel František Růžička, Petr Zima (auth.)

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Extra resources for Black Africa: Literature and Language

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E. literature, if good, cheaply-published and well-distributed, may easily find its way to such people. On the other hand, the gap between the vernacular lit81aturc and intellectual readers of Standard English is much more profound. Apart from several professionals, this author rarely discovered in the Africa of the 1960'b an intellectual who was proud of and-to some extent at least-fond of the literature in his own "vernacular". Economic factors, and also the mere administrative or commercial organization of book distribution, are to some extent responsible for such a situation.

In multilingual areas (and Black Africa clearly represents such an area), the development of a standard language and the creation of a literary language (or the usage of a language in literary functions) represent two closely-related, though analytically different, stages of the same process. The problem of a language choice represents the first stage of selection, the prevailing character of which is interlingual: the selection and choice is made from among two or more languages used in a particular area or areas.

Double, or even multiple, graphization: two or more scripts may be used in the latter cases involving one, two or more orthographic systems for one and the same language. The terms digraphia, multigraphia (or di-, multi-orthographia) are used in such a case. On the other hand, the existence of the frequently appearing cases of languages without 38 any existing script, which are still developing some sort of more or less commonly accepted standard norm (a sort of oral standard) confirms the need for a theoretical separation of the graphization feature, as potential (and frequent) in the standardization process, but not obligatory.

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