By Michael W. Bruening (auth.), Michael W. Bruening (eds.)
Calvinism's First Battleground sheds new gentle at the beginning of Calvinism and the Reformed religion via an in depth exam of the Reformation within the can pay de Vaud.
A in particular Calvinist id and theology emerged out of 2 key conflicts within the zone: first, the struggle to show clear of Catholic practices and traditions a inhabitants that have been pressured to transform to Protestantism via the Bernese after their conquest of Vaud in 1536; moment, the fight opposed to the Zwinglian political and theological principles that ruled the Swiss Confederation and differed from the Calvinists' figuring out of ecclesiastical self-discipline, the Eucharist, and predestination. The can pay de Vaud was once primary to this fight, for it was once topic politically to Zwinglian, German-speaking Bern, yet a lot of its ministers have been extra strongly encouraged by way of Calvin. Calvin himself used to be before everything fascinated about the customers for reform within the zone, yet frustrations with the Swiss led him and the Genevans more and more to concentration their efforts on France.
This historical past is helping us to appreciate the wider contours of the Reformation in French-speaking Europe, as its heart of gravity shifted from Meaux to Vaud and Geneva, and again to France back at the eve of the Wars of Religion.
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Calvinism's First Battleground sheds new mild at the starting place of Calvinism and the Reformed religion via a close exam of the Reformation within the will pay de Vaud. A in particular Calvinist identification and theology emerged out of 2 key conflicts within the area: first, the struggle to show clear of Catholic practices and traditions a inhabitants that were pressured to transform to Protestantism by way of the Bernese after their conquest of Vaud in 1536; moment, the fight opposed to the Zwinglian political and theological principles that ruled the Swiss Confederation and differed from the Calvinists' knowing of ecclesiastical self-discipline, the Eucharist, and predestination.
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Extra info for Calvinism's First Battleground: Conflict and Reform in the Pays de Vaud, 1528-1559
11 Paquier, Pays de Vaud des origines à la conquête bernoise, 2:156-57. There was one exception to this arrangement: between 1152 and 1219, the dukes of Zähringen were given the right to invest the bishop of Lausanne, which created some tension between the two authorities. , Histoire de Lausanne, Univers de la France et des pays francophones: Histoire des villes (Lausanne: Payot, 1982), 85-86. 13 Biaudet, Histoire de Lausanne, 127. 14 The city’s difficulty in recovering from the catastrophic fire entailed a reversal of fortunes for the region’s cities.
The treaty of combourgeoisie was the first step toward turning Swiss and shaking off the authority of the local prince-bishop. Problems easily arise in three-way relationships, and although Bern and Fribourg were theoretically equal partners, both in these combourgeoisie arrangements and in the common lordships, Bern’s superior military might 19 Fribourg and Avenches were first allied in 1270, Bern and Payerne in 1344. In addition to the general treatment of combourgeoisie, see the list of alliances and treaties in Claude Cuendet, Les traités de combourgeoisie en pays romands, BHV 63 (Lausanne: Université de Lausanne, 1979), 161-63.
Figure 2-1. The Swiss Confederation, ca. 1530 It is not surprising, therefore, that religious conflict entered the Pays de Vaud through those areas most closely connected to the Swiss. In the 1520s there were three different types of relationships between the Confederation 24 Chapter 2 and the various regions within the Pays de Vaud. First, there were the Four Mandated Territories of Bern: Aigle, Ormont, Bex, and Ollon. These were ruled directly by Bern as a consequence of the treaty ending the Burgundian Wars in 1476.