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By Larry L. Butcher

Cholinergic-Monoaminergic Interactions within the Brain

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Cholinergic–Monoaminergic Interactions in the Brain

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Experimental Manipulations In each of t h e three sets of e x p e r i m e n t s p e r f o r m e d , animals were first anesthetized w i t h s o d i u m m e t h o h e x i t a l (Brevital® : Lilly; Indianapolis, I n d i a n a ) a n d placed in a s t e r e o t a x i c i n s t r u m e n t . T h e first e x p e r i m e n t a l series was designed t o assess retrograde degeneration of A C h E - c o n t a i n i n g n e u r o n a l s o m a t a following ablations along the trajectory of the Larry L. Butcher and Konrad Talbot 28 nigro-neostriatal p a t h w a y .

Figs. 1 3 - 1 5 ) , t h r o u g h w h i c h course major efferent ( H e d r e e n , 1971 ; Lindvall & Björklund, 1 9 7 4 ; Ungerstedt, 1 9 7 1 ) , b u t n o k n o w n major afferent, nigral fiber systems in the rat. T h u s , a t r o p h y of substantia nigra, pars c o m p a c t a n e u r o n s following forebrain or m i d b r a i n lesions m a y be regarded as a r e t r o g r a d e , n o t a t r a n s n e u r o n a l , p h e n o m e n o n . Part 2 Neurohistochemical and Neurobiochemical Aspects 4.

The survival time was 21 days after lesion placement and 6 hours after DFP administration. Rostral (A) and caudal (I) extensions of the pars compacta are indicated by arrows. 0 m m . 50 Larry L. Butcher and Konrad Talbot Fig. 1 3 . 76 mm dorsally from the junction of the crus cerebri and mammillary peduncle. Photomicrographs are arranged in rostrocaudal order. 5 hours after DFP administration. Tissue cavitation due to the ablation procedure is delineated by dashed lines. 0 m m . Part 2 Neurohistochemical and Neurobiochemical Aspects 51 Fig.

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