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By Francesco Musco

Urban warmth islands are a brand new form of microclimatic phenomenon that reasons an important raise within the temperature of towns in comparison to surrounding components. The phenomenon has been enforced by means of the present development in the direction of weather switch. even if specialists give some thought to city warmth islands an pressing ecu Union public health and wellbeing trouble, there are too few rules that deal with it. the ecu conducted a venture to benefit extra approximately this phenomenon via pilot tasks. The pilots incorporated feasibility reviews and methods for accurately changing making plans principles and governance to take on the matter of city warmth islands. The pilots have been conducted in 8 metropolitan components: Bologna/Modena, Budapest, Ljubljana, Lodz, Prague, Stuttgart, Venice/Padova, and Vienna. The feasibility reviews conducted in those pilot components inquisitive about the categorical morphology of ecu city components, that are frequently characterized by means of the presence of ancient previous towns.

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Secondly, the emergence of urban CC issues is related to the need to limit the urban drivers that cause pollution. Currently, cities are the main producers of greenhouse gases, and this incidence will steadily increase with the growing urbanization trend (UN 2008). At the conceptual level, adaptation would adopt an integrated theoretical framework capable of integrating Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) and Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) also considering their relevance for urban planning. A New Role for Planning The marginalization of territorial and urban planning in recent years has become an objective and consolidated fact.

Ecological Applications, 6, 665–691. Doswald, N. & Osti, M. (2011). Ecosystem-based adaptation and mitigation: Good practice examples and lessons learnt in Europe. BfN Skripten. pdf EEA. (2012). Urban adaptation to climate change in Europe: Challenges and opportunities for cities together with supportive national and European policies. Copenhagen: European Environment Agency. Gasparrini, C. (2015). In the city on the cities. Sulla citta nelle città. Trento: LIStLab. Grumbine, R. E. (1994). What is ecosystem management?

The discussion within TFGs dealt with generally developed problems and implemented scientific activities carried out in parallel in the context of the whole project: working groups may in fact be considered as a cross-cutting approach that helps to define technical scenarios associated with the phenomenon of urban heat islands. A general objective of UHI project aimed at drawing a trans-national attention, as well as policies and practical actions, in order to prevent risks deriving from UHI, both from natural and anthropogenic origin.

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