By Joanna R. Adler
This booklet brings jointly a staff of specialists within the box of forensic psychology to illustrate the scope of the self-discipline and the recommendations hired in key parts of analysis, coverage and perform. Its target is to move past the introductory texts at the topic to problem perceptions, to elevate questions for study, to pose difficulties for perform, and to encourage and stimulate, demonstrating the ways that forensic psychology can reduction the perform of legal justice. it will likely be crucial studying for college kids, teachers and practitioners. The e-book is split into seven sections, addressing key subject matters with which the self-discipline is worried ? its broader context, research and prosecution, testimony and facts, correlates of illegal activity, power offending, intervention and prevention and punishment and corrections. The individuals contain either teachers and practitioners, and are drawn from the united kingdom, the united states and Australasia.
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Extra resources for Forensic Psychology: Concepts, Debates and Practice
Data analysis revealed an interesting pattern of results. Respondents from higher socio-economic groups most often expressed dissatisfaction with the ability of the courts to protect victims. In contrast, respondents from lower socio-economic categories were more dissatisfied with the ability of courts to protect the rights of the accused. The authors explain these findings in terms of class threat, arguing that upper class dissatisfaction with the courts’ ability to protect the interests of victims reflects upper class fears of becoming victims.
Highly religious participants and people with a strong belief in a ‘just world’ were found to hold the most punitive attitudes towards offenders. g. Grasmick, Bursik and Kimpel 1991; Grasmick, Morgan and Kennedy 1992; Grasmick and McGill 1994) found that Christian fundamentalism strongly predicted individual support for the use of corporal punishment and punitive criminal justice policies. This led the authors to conclude that people who are highly religious seem to hold people more accountable for their actions, thereby deserving punishments (Grasmick and McGill 1994).
There is also evidence suggesting that people may fear specific crimes. For instance, some women avoid going out alone at night or going to certain places in their neighbourhoods due to fear of sexual assault (Warr 1985; Gordon and Riger 1989; Mirrlees-Black and Allen 1998). Elderly people are reported to have become so afraid that they are virtually prisoners in their own homes (Wallace 1990; Joseph 1997). Such withdrawal from the community can contribute to the further breakdown of social attachments and result in the fragmentation of neighbourhood life (Hale 1996).