By Ephraim David
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Extra resources for Sparta Between Empire and Revolution (404-243 B.C.): Internal Problems and Their Impact on Contemporary Greek Consciousness
An oligarchic revolution followed; many of the de110cratic and anti-Spart4n leaders fled to Athens, but the most prominent politician of the anti-Spartan faction, Ismenias, was arrested and subsequently executed,after having been brought to trial on charges ofMedis• before a court representina Sparta and her allies. ajority of the citizens were anary with Phoebidas, since he had acted without authorization by the state. 113 Aaesilaus, however, c11111e to his defense, arguina that his action should be judaed only by standards of what was to the advantaae or disadvantaae Sparta.
2! of the eldest, at least until the state found the means to provide thea with a vacant lot of land accordiRJ to the system discussed above. 21 Their marriaaes could have created the danger of overpopulating the kliros, which may acco\Dlt for the cases of polyandry in Sparta. 22 The citizenship of an akliros depended on the aoodwill of his eldest brother and on that brother's ability to pay his contribution to the syssition,which was considered a necessary condition for enjoyina political rights (horos tls politeias).
In view of the new developments in Thebes, it was not difficult to imagine an alliance between the anti-imperialists and Cleombrotus' faction against hispolicy in central Greece. This may account for -36- the horrible travesty of justice. which aroused even the indignation of Xenophon. He stated that this decision was considered by •any to be the llOSt unjust ever known in Lacedaemon: a soldier indicted on a capital charge was acquitted. despite the fact that he did not obey the order of the ephors 144 and did not present hi•self for trial.